Mitsui Invests in Vale’s Coal Infrastructure Project in Mozambique
The Moatize mine is currently billed as one of the largest, cost-competitive operating coal mines as it has a huge coal reserve amounting to 690 million metric tons of metallurgical and thermal grade coal, and the seams are shallow, which enables a large-scale open-cut operation. Vale began production in August, 2011, and now exports coal via Sena railway from the Port of Beira, which is about 600 km south of the mine. The annual production in 2013 was 3.8 million tons. Vale plans to expand the annual production capacity of the mine to 22 million tons in 2016. The expected expansion cost is approximately $2.1 billion, part of which Vale has already paid, and Mitsui’s future payment for the expansion cost on a pro rata basis is expected to be $190 million.
The anticipated mine expansion would overrun the Sena rail and port capacity. So, the plan is to construct the Nacala Corridor infrastructure, to ship coal from the Port of Nacala, 912 km east of the mine. The project would include the upgrade of the 682 km existing rail line, which runs across Mozambique and Malawi, and the construction of the new 230 km rail line and new construction of a coal terminal in the Port of Nacala and development of general commodities terminals. The facility’s export capacity is planned to increase gradually to 22 million tons. The total construction cost is expected to be approximately $4.4 billion.